Remove One is one of my favorite games! It's a great way to teach probability, and the students love it. I've been using it nearly every year since I was introduced to it through a program called the Mathline Middle School Math Project, sponsored by PBS (back in 1997?). I was involved in the program through my graduate studies at a nearby university).
This is how the lesson works:
Students use a piece of paper as their "game board" and number the
paper from 12-2 (or 2-12) . They then place 15 chips next to the
numbers. They are told that they can place one chip next to every number
and then place the extras next to any number they want. Or, they can
leave some numbers with no chips and put several on others. Usually,
they place the chips like those in the picture to the right.
2. Once students have their chips set up, the teacher rolls two dice and annou the sum of the numbers that are rolled.
If students have a chip next to that sum, the students may remove ONE
chip from their paper (thus the name of the game -Remove One).
Play continues, with the teacher rolling the dice and the students
removing one chip each time the corresponding sum is rolled.
The "winner" is the student who removes all of the chips first.
much class discussion, we play the game a second time. Normally, I just
ask them to make some quiet observations to themselves before placing
their chips again. Students typically notice that the sums of 6, 7, and 8
are rolled the most often and that 2 and 12 are usually rolled the
least often, so they arrange their chips differently.
the second game, we have a discussion about all of the possible
outcomes (sums) one can get when rolling 2 dice. We also discuss how
many ways there are to roll each of those outcomes, and what the
probability is of rolling each sum. We find this probability in fraction
form, and then often convert them to decimals and percents.
After this discussion, we play the game for a third time, and students' "game boards" often look like this:
They will quietly comment to one another..."There's a
better chance of getting a seven." "I'm not going to put any on 2,
because it still hasn't come up."
If you're interested in seeing the full lesson plan from PBS, click HERE.
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